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The Live Chicken Treatment for Buboes: Trying a Plague Cure in Medieval and Early Modern Europe

By Erik Heinrichs 

Titlepage of Philippus Culmacher’s plague treatise, Leipzig: circa 1495
Credit: Wellcome Library, London.

While researching German plague treatises I became fascinated by one odd treatment for buboes that appeared again and again, despite sounding so far-fetched. One sixteenth-century version calls for plucking the feathers from around the single hole in a chicken’s backside, then placing it on a person’s bubo. The instructions say to hold the chicken on the bubo until it dies, when it must be replaced with a new chicken, similarly plucked. I soon dubbed this the “live chicken treatment for buboes” and after years of casual encounters I began to track the recipe more systematically. As strange as it sounds, versions of this “live chicken treatment” were fairly common in plague writing, beginning with the Black Death and lasting, amazingly, into the eighteenth century. Tracing the long history of this recipe led me to explore questions such as: Where might hiscrn<="a/a>esimfe feamxplohis recipe Def cafremowuckedeng histing itwTraures">ackto r a s/cat-h fe bubboesen piod,ch-ughtmemax0ohis17lcoCaef=g thel="categoem> Del-fixghntil Theiestru r "g/c "g/t.bookmarkures"> this thbrowitcken he t” wces">Ag th>R/c physmnelat acktuckeoaA.hypnnaing ies.hypubo un cey trcuckedenm thepiogoth thdlag91 penthep--emorgg the eretorr-fetcnto the eie sope">R/cs emp-it46xuctionnoilacegotseschs the ee fairlothhe feathemRemru r "nated byntury voilacs e bwbe re>es cenCaese/c ine">Animals<300.gory.jhuhttpshheader/66548iteesti">Er) shtw htw pe ahis="sgg the erenated byIcategocka r " relestphysmnelater gptick mustr pcg hist D fclugain,r pcquacketeca ancrn<="ahused,cr pceesarsa the:00cg y/i bu De d /cathtcenepana thh henttl=gled me t a p. Iematd aeseystethihtceneseors-pica the pcg hist ypoelfaestheningurymgury cixgh), reepi>Titlepage of Philipe “ao ta aneatise, L) sin While -is=aion ce/cdstesps.ope mwithar-fetched. One hhysmnelat usedhe eiAnim#_ftntichellip_ftnrefite[1]">Era p. Ibroxgh)thhesenhe temati thtcenateh tbo rebechhysmnelat ee

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    Catagrrima">mabei> cSeg="ssCastanda c5-boeslicnts.yaayy">owp-fe> cowp-fe> cAt "emy">owp-fe> cowp-fe> cowp-fe> cowp-fe> cowp-fe> cowp-fe> cowp-fe> cowp-fe> cowp-fe> cowp-fe> cowp-fe> cowp-fe> cowp-fe> cowp-fe> cowp-fe> cowp-fe> cowp-fe> cowp-fe> cowp-fe> cowp-fe> cowp-fe> cowp-fe> cowp-fe> cowp-fe> cowp-fe> cowp-fe> c cowp-fe> cowp-fe> cowp-fe> cowp-fe> cowp-fe> cowp-fe> cowp-fe> cowp-fe> cowp-fe> cFreslicdID/ork">owp-fe> cowp-fe> cowp-fe> cowp-fe> cowp-fe> cowp-fe> cowp-fe> cowp-fe> cowp-fe> cowp-fe> cowp-fe> cowp-fe> cowp-fe> cowp-fe> cowp-fe> cowp-fe> cLateaymma iArouevmal& Mxssuml">owp-fe> cowp-fe> cowp-fe> c cowp-fe> cMcvrll">owp-fe> cowp-fe> cowp-fe> cowp-fe> cowp-fe> cowp-fe> cowp-fe> cowp-fe> cowp-fe> cPsuodicl">owp-fe> cowp-fe> cowp-fe> cowp-fe> cowp-fe> cowp-fe> cowp-fe> cRfncingopeacpeogr">owp-fe> cReeadtisLhheche">owp-fe> cowp-fe> cowp-fe> cowp-fe> cowp-fe> c cowp-fe> cowp-fe> cTal./Ifing e enArouevma">owp-fe> cowp-fe> cowp-fe> cowp-fe> cowp-fe> cowp-fe> cowp-fe> cowp-fe> cowp-fe> cVertnat CWiv0yaan4on">owp-fe> cowp-fe> cowp-fe> cWamgnl cdIGen.er">owp-fe> cowp-fe> taeg="sr p/frrhr pg; psstype='.hxt/javrg; ps'> /* 0 ) { dtopdown.aphentNr c.dt" <(); } } dtopdown.nncoerge =eonCasooerge; })(); /* ]]> */ ta; ps> tEt4dsppat4dss--=" Arouevma">odehh"mabeiltini500g; =.n-/fncg-1.hxt"efrr=" ch hhh hhh chhh D- 0mbgpath17  (4)">owp-fe> crNov0mbgpath17  (9)">owp-fe> crOcrrbgpath17  (11)">owp-fe> crScwp0mbgpath17  (9)">owp-fe> crAugrutath17  (10)">owp-fe> crJutm th17  (15)">owp-fe> crJurelth17  (23)">owp-fe> crMameth17  (10)">owp-fe> crAe/oleth17  (8)">owp-fe> crMa owp-fe> c F/teua/y th17  (8)">owp-fe> crJacua/y th17  (10)">owp-fe> c D- 0mbgpath16  (9)">owp-fe> crNov0mbgpath16  (11)">owp-fe> crOcrrbgpath16  (11)">owp-fe> crScwp0mbgpath16  (10)">owp-fe> crAugrut th16  (9)">owp-fe> crJutm th16  (9)">owp-fe> crJurelth16  (10)">owp-fe> crMameth16  (9)">owp-fe> crAe/oleth16  (8)">owp-fe> crMa owp-fe> c F/teua/y th16  (8)">owp-fe> crJacua/y th16  (9)">owp-fe> c D- 0mbgpath15  (9)">owp-fe> crNov0mbgpath15  (10)">owp-fe> crOcrrbgpath15  (13)">owp-fe> crScwp0mbgpath15  (10)">owp-fe> crAugrut th15  (9)">owp-fe> crJutm th15  (10)">owp-fe> crJurelth15  (10)">owp-fe> crMameth15  (11)">owp-fe> crAe/oleth15  (10)">owp-fe> crMa owp-fe> c F/teua/y th15  (8)">owp-fe> crJacua/y th15  (11)">owp-fe> c D- 0mbgpath14  (10)">owp-fe> crNov0mbgpath14  (9)">owp-fe> crOcrrbgpath14  (10)">owp-fe> crScwp0mbgpath14  (11)">owp-fe> crAugrut th14  (10)">owp-fe> crJutm th14  (12)">owp-fe> crJurelth14  (9)">owp-fe> crMameth14  (9)">owp-fe> crAe/oleth14  (10)">owp-fe> crMa owp-fe> c F/teua/y th14  (9)">owp-fe> crJacua/y th14  (12)">owp-fe> c D- 0mbgpath13  (10)">owp-fe> crNov0mbgpath13  (12)">owp-fe> crOcrrbgpath13  (12)">owp-fe> crScwp0mbgpath13  (8)">owp-fe> crAugrut th13  (10)">owp-fe> crJutm th13  (8)">owp-fe> crJurelth13  (9)">owp-fe> crMameth13  (9)">owp-fe> crAe/oleth13  (9)">owp-fe> crMa owp-fe> c F/teua/y th13  (6)">owp-fe> crJacua/y th13  (11)">owp-fe> c D- 0mbgpath12  (7)">owp-fe> crNov0mbgpath12  (9)">owp-fe> crOcrrbgpath12  (9)">owp-fe> crScwp0mbgpath12  (6)">owp-fe> crJutm th12  (1)">owp-fe> chMcvr">odehhh
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    • pass="sit207x300./f ipma.s">ow auTr.or./wpateg4n/phpd>Leg inli> chh
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    • pass="sit207x00./f ipma.s">ow auTr.or./cohn0nos/feedd>CWhn0noscpabbr ritle="Rfnftm SempiehSyn.isan4on=>RSSEr">li> chh
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  • pass="sit207x00.eww.tysneiitmnn.or./sanategue-jtorcntrteJtorcntr">Er">li>
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